Ecosystem Services and Natural Solutions

Ecosystems provide valuable resources such as food or water and therefore play a crucial role for human well-being. Ecosystem services are defined as those services and processes through which natural ecosystems and their components sustain and fulfil human life. In other words, ecosystem services describe the benefits human populations derive, directly or indirectly, from natural ecosystem functions. Although these services have important ecological, cultural and economic significance. Ecosystems are increasingly threatened and degraded by environmental impacts caused, among other factors, by climate change. In order to further avoid such negative impacts on natural ecosystems and at the same time to achieve the restoration of natural as well as altered ecosystems, there is a growing necessity to focus on sustainable concepts such as nature-based solutions. Nature-based solutions are planning concepts and designed interventions that are inspired as well as supported by nature and are intended to cope with ecological and social challenges in a resource-efficient and adaptive way to maintain and enhance both human well-being and biodiversity. In the context of sustainable development of urban regions, nature-based solutions can contribute to increasing the resilience of cities and their infrastructure systems.

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More Focus Topics

Integrated Planning and Development

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Integrated Planning and Development is an approach looking at how an organisation can plan across multiple functions, levels, locations, and other natural or artificial divisions.

Resource Efficiency and Mitigation

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Resource efficiency can help cut back greenhouse gas emissions. Moreover, improved resource efficiency and further climate change mitigation can aid the transition-to-sustainability process.

Risk Management and Risk Reduction

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Risk Management and Reduction is a process in which at risk communities are actively engaged in the identification, analysis, treatment, monitoring and evaluation of disaster risks in order to reduce their vulnerabilities and enhance their capacities.